By the end of the lesson you should be able to: Define publishing Define Desktop Publishing State examples of desktop publishing software State the purposes of a DTP software State the advantages of DTP's Over Word Processors Describe features of a DTP Design a publication using a DTP
DESKTOP PUBLISHING (DTP)
Publishing is the process of producing publications like newspapers, cards, pamphlets, pictures, a calendar that has special text, graphic layout, and design.
Desktop publishing is the process of producing publications like cards, newspapers by designing their text and graphic layout and inserting, editing, formatting, and printing of text and graphical objects using a special desktop publishing software.
A desktop publisher has more tools and control of page layout, text manipulation, and graphic design than a word processor.
Examples of DTP software
Adobe Pagemaker, Microsoft Publisher, QuarkXpress, Adobe Indesign, Ventura, Serif PagePlus, and Apple Page.
Purpose of desktop publishing software
They enable the designer to control
Graphic design: A typesetter can create and edit every complex text and graphical objects like pictures to the finest details. e.g the user can use a ruler guide to place an object in the correct position
Page layout design: The user can design page layout by setting a consistent picture and object location dividing the page into a number of columns and creating layers. Text can be on one layer and graphics on another and the text layer can be manipulated separately. The graphical layer can be made transparent for the text layer behind it to be visible.
Printing: DTP helps the user to prepare artwork in commercial circles for printing.
Advantages of DTP over Word processor
Types of desktop publishing software
Desktop publishing software types are namely graphic -based and layout-based DTPs
Graphic -based: They are specifically developed to edit and format graphic objects like pictures and vector drawings. Vector drawings are freehand drawings. Examples of graphics-based DTP are Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Illustrator, and Coreldraw. They have superior capabilities like setting resolution, brightness, contrast, cropping and filling images with colors. Some like illustrator and Coreldraw is also used for page layout design.
Layout-based: They are specifically developed to create different page layout designs for text and pictures. Examples of layout based DTP software include adobe page maker, Microsoft publisher, and Indesign.
Designing a publication
Cards: They may be wedding, graduation or congratulation, etc
Certificates: They show completion of courses and special events. They must be designed to discourage duplication or counterfeits
Newspapers, magazines, pamphlets, and newspapers' have news targetting many people. They have text, graphic layouts, and design
Books: They are bully publications with many pages bound together within the same publication
Calenders: They show days, used by companies to advertise products hence contain catchy graphics
Getting started with Microsoft publisher 2010
Setting up a publication
Working with text and graphical objects
Resizing and moving text objects
Inserting graphical objects
Click insert then the picture
To link an object
Select the picture or text to be linked, Click create then hyperlink choose the location, click the file then ok.
Deleting text and text objects
Click the text tool to highlight text, press the delete or backspace key
To delete a text object
Click the pointer tool then click the text frame, press the delete or backspace key
Copying and moving a block of text
Select the block of text on the home tab, clipboard group, click copy or cut then paste
Checking for spelling
Click review tab then spellings
To find and replace
On the home tab, editing group, click find or replace
Features of DTP software.
ADVANTAGES OF DTP OVER WORD PROCESSORS
FEATURES OF THE PUBLISHER WINDOW
It is a large blank area where you place text and graphical objects before neatly arranging them on the printable area(the blue area)
It is where text and graphical objects to be printed are placed. Anything inside the printable area will be printed.
They define the printable area of a publication represented by blue dotted lines.
They divide the printable area of a publication page into two or more columns. The space between two columns in a publication page is known as the gutter.
They ensure text and graphical objects are in the required position. Each publication window can include horizontal and vertical rulers. To show rulers, on the view menu click rulers.
CREATING A MASTER PAGE
A master page is a page used to design a common layout to be applied in other pages of the publication.This implies that all other pages follow the same layout and format as laid out on the master page and the layout appears on all pages of the publication.To create a master page, on the view menu click the master page or simply use the keyboard shortcut ctrl+M
CREATING A TEXTBOX
Text is an object in the publisher and must be placed in a textbox. The parts of a textbox include frames, handles, and rotation handles.
MANIPULATING GRAPHICAL OBJECTS
CROPPING GRAPHICAL OBJECTS
It refers to hiding unwanted parts of a graphical object that you do not want to be printed. It may be done after inserting a picture or clip art in your publication.
APPLYING STROKE AND FILL
A stroke refers to a line style while a fill refers to applying solid color or patterns to a drawing.
Refers to changing the visual denseness or openness of characters in a line. In the illustration below the text in figure 1 has been custom tracked by 250%.
Refers to fixing particular pairs of letters that are too close or too far apart from each other
Note: Measurement units can be in inches, centimeters, picas, e.t.c. To change measurement units, on the tools menu click options. On the General tab choose the appropriate units then click ok.
Printing terminologies used in DTP.