(a) Identify seven activities performed by God in the second Biblical creation accounts in Genesis 2:4  23.

   He created the heaven and the earth.
   He formed man out of dust from the ground.
   He breathed and man became a living being.
   God planted a garden in East of Eden.
   He put man whom He had formed in the Garden of Eden to cultivate and guard it.
   In the middle of the Garden of Eden He created the tree of life and tree of knowledge of good and evil.
   He gave man responsibility to cultivate and conserve the Garden of Eden.
   He formed other creatures (birds / animals) from the ground and gave man responsibility to name them.
   God brought the woman to man.         (any 7x1 = 7mks)

(b) Give five reasons why Biblical creation story has two accounts of the same event.          

   The two accounts were not written in a single sitting but different times.
   The accounts are from different sources, Yahwist and Priestly.
   They were written in different places e.g. Yahwist was composed in Judah.
   One account is as a result of research at the other i.e. second one is trying to explain the first one.
   Accounts were written by different authors.
   The authors were inspired by God and therefore they wrote what God revealed to them. (any 5x1 = 5mks)

(c)Explain four ways on how the use of the Bible has hindered the spread of the Good News in Kenya.  

   It is used to take oaths in courts / offices by people who may not be believers.
   It is kept in offices associated with evil.
   There is distortion of Biblical teachings / piecemeal interpretation of the Bible meant to suit individual demands.
   Some people use the Bible as an ordinary text book / reference book.
   It is being used in witchcraft / cult to mislead people.
   Some people are using the Bible to enrich themselves / it is a tool of trade.
   Some new versions translated have changed the original meaning of the Bible.
   The Bible is not read for spiritual growth but kept for display.
   Some people use the Bible to threaten others / curse others. (any 6 x 1 = 6mks)


   (a) Describe the sealing of the Sinai covenant in Exodus 24:4-8.

   Moses woke up early in the morning and built an altar at the foot of the mountain.
   He used twelve pillars to represent the twelve tribes of the Israelites.
   Young men were sent to bring a bull.
   Moses instructed the young man to offer burnt offerings of peace offerings to the Lord.
   Moses took half of the blood and poured on the altar, the place of meeting with God.
   He took the book of the law and read it in the hearing of all the people.
   All the Israelites said they would be obedient.
   Then Moses took the remainder of the blood and poured on the people.
   The sprinkling of blood implied that the covenant was binding the Israelites to God.
   God concluded the covenant ceremony by giving Moses the two stone tablets on which the laws were written.         (any 8x1 = 8mks)

(b) Identify and explain the attributes of God as understood by the Israelites during the Exodus and when they
were at Mt. Sinai.

   God was the only God  when Israelites depended on God the golden calf failed.
   God is the source of life  God provided food and water to the Israelites when they were in the wilderness.
   God is powerful  He saw the Israelites through the battles with their enemies.
   God is good  God liberated them and provided for them and made them rich.
   God is orderly  He gave them laws to govern their lives.
   God is Holy  the place where men met with the presence of God was set apart as Holy.(any 6x1=6mks)

(c)State six values which a Christian learn from the call of Moses

   Humility  Ex. 3:4
   Courage  3:3
   Faith / trust  3:17
   Love / care / mercy  3:7
   Honesty  3:11
   Obedience  4:18
   Holiness 3:5
   Justice  punishing Egyptians.   (any 6x1 = 6mks)


   (a) Explain four ways in which King Solomon fulfilled Samuels prophecy against kingship in Israel.

   Solomon used forced labor during the construction of his palace and the temple.
   He overtaxed the Israelites to provide for the upkeep of his palace and the army.
   He grabbed the property of the Israelites and gave it to his officials.
   He forced their sons to join the army.
   He took their daughters and made them perfumers and concubines.
   Through marriage alliances with other nations, Israel lost its identity as Gods nation.
   He was oppressive in his rule e.g. he killed his brother Adonijah who was a threat to his throne.
   He sold part of Israels land which was a sacred property.
   He allowed his wives to bring false gods into Israel.     (any 4x2 = 8mks)

(b) Outline Gods promises to King David through Prophet Nathan.  

   Davids name would be great.
   God would establish land for the settlement of Davids descendants.
   God would protect David from his enemies.
   God would establish an everlasting dynasty from the lineage of David.
   Davids son would build a house for God.
   God would be like a father to Davids son.
   God would punish Davids son if he did wrong the way the earthly father does.
   Israel would be protected from her enemies by God.
   God would raise a heir from Davids lineage.(any 6x1 = 6mks)

(c)Give six ways in which Christians can deal with challenges they face in modern society.      

   Reading the scripture / Bible.
   Perseverance in trial and temptations.
   Seeking government protection.
   Preaching on unity and reconciliation.
   Organizing joint programmes.
   Giving a common approach to issues affecting citizens of Kenya.               (any 6x1 = 6mks)


   (a) Explain four characteristics of the day of Lord as prophesized by prophet Amos.                

   It would be a day of mourning and suffering.
   The word of God would be scarce like food during famine.
   People would run to and fro seeking it and would not find it.
   Punishment would come that none would escape.
   There would earthquakes.
   There would be eclipse of the sun.
   It would be a bitter experience for the people for they ignored the word of God.
   There would be floods.   (any 8x1 = 8mks)


(b) State six forms of punishment God would give Israel according to prophet Amos.

   War / invasion  they would die by the sword.
   Exile  would be taken into exile.
   Fire  would burn their cities.
   Drought and famine would strike their land.
   Locusts would invade the land.
   God would destroy altars at Bethel and Dan.

(c)Show ways in which the church is carrying out its prophetic role in the society today.

   Preaching the good news.
   Calling the people to repentance.
   Helping the poor / needy.
   Reconciling warring parties.
   Condemning evils in the society.
   Foretelling Gods plan for his people.
   Enabling Christians to know the will of God.
   Enabling Christians to lead exemplary lives.
   Strengthening of the faith of Christians.
   Winning new converts.    (any 6 x 1 = 6mks)


   (a) Outline Jeremiahs teaching on judgement and punishment.                

   The people of Judah and the city of Jerusalem will be consumed by fire from God.
   The punishment will be in form of an invasion from a foreign country that God will use to conquer Judah.
   The people of Judah will be taken into exile due to idolatry.
   The judgement will befall the Israelites due to their failure to observe the covenant way of life.
   Jeremiah understood Gods judgement as universal i.e. affecting both Israelites and other nations for their sins.
   The punishment will come from the North of Judah  the Babylonians.
   The punishment is inevitable  God must punish Judah.
   The punishment will be severe  there will be no peace.
   The people of Judah will experience a severe drought  suffering due to lack of food and water.
   Deportation of the people of Judah will happen as prophesized.
   The people of Judah will lose their land following their enslavement in a foreign land.
   Their kingdom will be destroyed.  (any 8 x 1 = 8mks)

(b) Explain symbolic acts related to judgement and punishment according to prophet Jeremiah.  

   Waist cloth  the rotten cloth symbolized Judah and Israel who had been ruined by idol worship.
   The parable of the wineskin jars  the breaking of jars signified the people of Judah which would lead to destruction of Judah and the city of Jerusalem.
   A potter and his day  the remoulding of the clay signified God has power to destroy the sinful Judah and rebuild a new nation.
   The Earthen flask  the breaking of the flask demonstrated that God would destroy the people of Judah.
   Vision of two baskets of figs  the people who willingly went into exile represented good figs while those who resisted represented bad figs and would be destroyed.
   Jeremiahs life  the restriction from morning signified Judah and Jerusalem would be punished for going against the covenant.
   The wooden ox-yoke  the yoke signified that the people of Judah were expected to accept Babylonian rule without resistance.         (any 7x1 = 7mks)

(c)Identify five reasons why Christians face the danger of being punished today.

   Rampant corruption / bribery.
   Rampant prostitution / sexual immorality.
   Insincere worship in churches.
   Widespread idolatry / devil churches.
   Drunkenness / drug abuse.
   Robbery with violence / killing.
   Mistreatment of the poor / the weak.
   Neglect of law of brotherhood / sisterhood   (any 5x1 = 5mks)


   (a) Give the importance of marriage in Traditional African Societies.

   It brings the whole community together.
   Marriages give an individual status in society.
   Leads to the creation of social relationship, this extending the web of kinship.
   The new couples have the opportunity to learn new kin and skills and bring them into unique relationship.
   Marriage is a source of wealth for the family i.e. its a source of labour  children.
   Sons born in marriage inherit their fathers property thus perpetuate the name of the family.
   The children born make the marriage complete / strengthens the unity between husband and wife.
   Children take care of parents in an old age and even give them decent burial when they die.
   Children provide security for the home.
   Through marriage of the living, the dead and the yet to be born are brought in harmony.(any 8x1 = 8mks)

(b) Identify seven reasons why kinship system was highly valued in Traditional African societies.        

   Help in controlling marriage.
   Maintained peace and harmony in the community.
   Help in communal work.
   It helps in settling disputes.
   Ensure there is education of the young members / young generation.
   Help in providing each others needs.
   Supported the widows and orphans.
   Help to rescue / support when one was in need.  (any 7x1 = 7mks)

(c)State five factors that have weakened kinship system today.        

   Migration  to urban, and other areas.
   Education  further away from the family.
   Economic difficulties  resulted in individualism.
   Inability in our communities  tribal and clan wars.
   Christianity  against idea of polygamous family.
   Influence of western culture.  (any 5x1 = 5mks)